Scandinavian style - history, creators, characteristics

Styl skandynawski - historia, twórcy, charakterystyka

The history of the Scandinavian style

The Scandinavian style was born in the 1930s in Denmark. What we know today under this concept is the so-called modern scandinavian . This trend, originating from modernism, is characterized by functionality and simplicity of form . Its full flowering dates back to the years 1954-57, when a traveling exhibition presenting Scandinavian design was organized in the United States.

Creators of the Scandinavian style

Scandinavian creators , trying to make design more human-friendly, used natural materials such as wood , leather and hemp . Their idea was also to democratize design . They tried to implement it by lowering the prices of manufactured goods. They managed to achieve this, among others: thanks to mass production.

The most famous pioneers of the style were Alvar Aalto , Arne Jacobsen , Verner Panton and Hans J. Wegner . Their works have features that are still followed by contemporary Scandinavian designers . These are primarily durability, functionality and reliability, but also less tangible ones, such as simplicity, joy and courage to create, pleasure of use and lack of ostentation. The mentioned functionality is the desire to make people's lives easier. That's why the creators of this style focused mainly on interiors. They designed furniture , lighting and other everyday items .

Scandinavian design combined with nature

Scandinavian design is also closely connected with ecology and attachment to nature . Both at the concept stage and in the production process itself, its representatives approach the environment with great respect. They try to expose the beauty hidden in materials and use it carefully. A simple piece of furniture can be decorated with a unique grain pattern on a wooden countertop , or inspired by a wavy lake shore or the shape of a branch.

Scandinavian-style interiors are full of light , spacious, with large windows without curtains. The climate of northern Europe contributed to their current shape. Long, cold winters with few sunny days meant that people spent a lot of time indoors. So everything was done to make them cozy and use as much natural light as possible. Hence the ubiquitous whiteness, both on the walls and floors.

Bright and open Scandinavian houses seem to invite visitors. It is perfectly described by the Danish word hygge (coziness), which means a good life surrounded by loved ones.

Thanks to its advantages , the Scandinavian style quickly spread all over the world. Today, not only Danes, Swedes and Norwegians can enjoy its charm. It has also become fashionable in Poland, and local manufacturers compete with each other in designs that honor Scandinavian philosophy.

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